Gone are the old days when dental implant placement was done by oral surgeons and periodontists only. Nowadays, even general dentists are performing these surgeries. The functions of dental implants include replacing single teeth, replacing multiple teeth and provide abutments for complete or partial dentures. The main focus of this topic is the placement of single-tooth dental implants.
Implants can be used for two main purposes. They can either be used to replace multiple teeth and/ or single teeth. They can also be used to give abutments for partials or complete dentures.
On top of assessing the patient’s overall health, it is important check the existence of periodontal diseases like peri-implantisis. This is a periodontal condition that is more or less like periodontitis which is associated with the inflammation of gingival tissues and formation of pockets. In some extreme cases, it can lead to the loss of bone and this can cause a failure of the implants. This will also put the implants which have been placed adjacent to teeth with periapical lesions at a great risk of failure. Smoking is also another patient factor which has been associated with peri-implant microbiota.
Implant placement cannot be contradicted by the presence of dental caries on adjacent teeth. However, lesions should be gotten rid of and teeth should be restored before carrying on with surgical procedures.